Over the past several decades, an increasing number of refugee children and families have involuntarily
migrated to countries around the world to seek safety and refuge. As the refugee population increases,
it is becoming more important to understand factors that promote and foster resilience among refugee
youth. The present review examines the past 20 years of resilience research with refugee children to
identify individual, family, school, community, and societal factors fostering resilience. This review
highlights various factors that promote resilience among refugee children, including social support (from
friends and community), a sense of belonging, valuing education, having a positive outlook, family
connectedness, and connections to home culture. Recommendations for interventions and programs to
promote resilience as well as future directions for resilience research are discussed

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